Arrow functions in JavaScript
Oct 09, 2020 08:48 0 Comments Javascript LALITHA VADIGONDA

                                             Arrow functions in JavaScript

Arrow functions looks like:

let func = (arg1, arg2, ...argN) => expression

This creates a function func that accepts arguments arg1..argN, then evaluates the expression on the right side with their use and returns its result.

In other words, it’s the shorter version of:

let func = function(arg1, arg2, ...argN) {

  return expression;


Let’s see a concrete example:

let sum = (a, b) => a + b;

/* This arrow function is a shorter form of:

let sum = function(a, b) {

  return a + b;



alert( sum(1, 2) ); // 3

As you can see (a, b) => a + b means a function that accepts two arguments named a and b. Upon the execution, it evaluates the expression a + b and returns the result.

  • If we have only one argument, then parentheses around parameters can be omitted, making that even shorter.

For example:

let double = n => n * 2;

// roughly the same as: let double = function(n) { return n * 2 }

alert( double(3) ); // 6

If there are no arguments, parentheses will be empty (but they should be present):

let sayHi = () => alert("Hello!");


Arrow functions can be used in the same way as Function Expressions.

For instance, to dynamically create a function:

let age = prompt("What is your age?", 18);

let welcome = (age < 18) ?

  () => alert('Hello') :

  () => alert("Greetings!");


They are very convenient for simple one-line actions, when we’re just too lazy to write many words.

Multiline arrow functions

The examples above took arguments from the left of => and evaluated the right-side expression with them.

Sometimes we need something a little bit more complex, like multiple expressions or statements. It is also possible, but we should enclose them in curly braces. Then use a normal return within them.

Like this:

let sum = (a, b) => {  // the curly brace opens a multiline function

  let result = a + b;

  return result; // if we use curly braces, then we need an explicit "return"


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